What Causes Allergy on the Skin? Understand Their Types
In today’s world which is full of stress and contaminations, skin and other allergies have evolved as lifestyle disorders. One can be allergic to certain substances by birth or develop them over a period of years. Some common allergens include foods, cosmetics, fragrances, plantations, sunlight and dust.
Allergies are common in all age groups. It is a response of one’s own body immune system to agents like dust, metal, fibre, chemical, pollen grains. These agents are also known as allergens are not harmful, occur freely in the environment and do not bother most people they come in contact with. People who have allergies often are sensitive to more than one allergen. When an allergen comes in contact with an individual with allergy, it triggers an allergic or hypersensitive reaction. Heredity and environmental exposures contribute to susceptibility of an individual to allergies.
At Skin City, we offer a thorough consultation and allergy testing for patients suffering from skin allergies to known and unknown allergens and a treatment protocol suitable for patient’s needs.
What Is An Allergy?
The human immune system is programmed to combat any foreign substance (allergen, infectious agents) entering our body. In this process of dealing with allergens, the immune system produces a number of antibodies and activates blood called eosinophils. Together they attack the allergen with chemical substances. Sometimes the same chemicals can result in symptoms of allergy.
Symptoms of allergies may be obvious such as hay fever or not so obvious such as breathlessness after taking certain medicines. An allergic reaction can occur anywhere in the body (e.g. sneezing and stuffy nose, itching rash of urticaria and asthma). However other symptoms like severe urticaria, migraine, and even life- threatening symptoms (reactions to drugs, foods and cosmetics) can occur.
• Specific allergic disease
• Allergic rhinitis / sinusitis
• Allergic conjunctivitis
• Allergic bronchitis
• Eczema, Atopic dermatitis
• Urticaria, Angioedema
• Contact Dermatitis
It is important to detect what is causing the allergy in an individual. After detecting the allergens, the best way is to avoid them (drug allergy), use control measures (house dust mites), create tolerance to them (food allergies), skin protection (urticaria) or treat them with oral vaccines (allergic colds or asthma). We detect allergies by the skin Prick tests which in the hand of an allergy specialist are 90-100% sensitive.
At Skin City we manage skin, respiratory and food allergies by careful consultation, ‘In vitro’ allergy testing and treatment as per international guidelines and advanced Desensitization for those who require it.