Scalp Micro Pigmentation
Scalp coverage is the name of the game in the treatment of baldness. Thick hair even if less in number can give the appearance of volume and hence offers better scalp coverage. The problem arises when the hair is thin hair and on a lighter scalp.
Micro pigmentation is a technique used to implant small amounts of pigment into the upper layer of the scalp in a dot or line pattern, this creates an optical illusion of a full scalp even without hair restoration. This is a painless walk in- walk out procedure which takes a few hours and is performed without any anaesthesia. SkinCity is one of the very few centers to perform this procedure.
In patients with significant hair loss who are being treated with Mesotherapy/ PRP or even hair transplantation, scalp micro pigmentation can be added at the completion of these procedures to give the appearance of maximum scalp coverage.
Other Scalp disorders
Alopecia areata – This is an auto immune condition characterized by patchy loss of hair which is commonly seen over the scalp but can involve any part of the body. This condition needs to be treated as soon as it is spotted.
When alopecia areata involves the entire scalp, it is called alopecia totalis and is difficult to treat. Excimer laser and injection therapy can reverse this.
Traction alopecia – This is a condition that occurs due to constant mechanical pull of the hair in a particular area leading to gradual hair loss. Commonly seen over the scalp and beard.
Lichen planus pilaris – Characterized by patchy loss of hair leading to scarring alopecia. This commonly involves the scalp. Hair once lost are never recovered, so early treatment is the key. Excimer laser and immune modulation therapy with injections can stop the progression.
Trichotillomania – Is the uncontrollable desire to pull out your own body hair leading to patchy loss of hair along with some broken hair. This is an obsessive compulsive disorder. Extensive hair plucking leaves a look of tonsure alopecia.
Scalp fungal infection – Commonly seen in children, characterized by an itchy and scaly scalp leading to hair loss.
Dandruff – Scaly flakes present over the scalp which can be dry or oily. Common dandruff is mostly a fungal infection with malassezia fufur yeast. Other dry scales may be a sign of scalp disorders like psoriasis and seborrheic dermatitis.
Seborrheic dermatitis – Greasy scales with redness and itching mostly seen on the scalp, chest, back, eyebrows.
Folliculitis – Pus filled lesions over the scalp can be accompanied by itching and pain. Mostly bacterial infections responding to antibiotics but at times can be fungal in origin.